Eileen Agar is an English painter of Argentine birth. She arrived in England in 1906; in 1924 she studied with Leon Underwood (1890-1975), and attended the Slade School of Fine Art, London, from; she also studied art in Paris from 1928 to 1930.
Agar was a member of the London group from 1933, and her work was selected by Roland Penrose and Herbert Read for the International Surrealist Exhibition at the New Burlington Galleries, London. In 1936. she exhibited with the Surrealists both in England and abroad.
From 1936 she experimented with automatic techniques and new materials, taking photographs and making collages and objects, for example The Angel of Anarchy (fabric over plaster and mixed media, 1936-40; London, Tate). By the 1960s she was producing Tachist paintings with Surrealist elements.