Henri Hayden was a School of Paris painter, mainly of still life and landscape.
Hayden was born in Warsaw and studied engineering at Warsaw Polytechnic (1902-5). He also studied painting at the School of Fine Arts and soon decided to quit engineering and devote himself entirely to painting.
Hayden moved in 1907 to Paris, along with many other European artists of his generation, where he briefly studied at the art school La Palette. He travelled to Brittany most summers from 1909-18 to paint in its unique light. His first solo exhibition was at the Galerie Druet, Paris, in 1911. He was influenced by Cézanne, whose groundbreaking retrospective had been shown in the city the same year Hayden had arrived, and decided to join the Cubist movement (1915-21) where he became friends with the small circle including Braque, Gris, Lipchitz and Picasso. In 1916 the exclusive Cubist dealer, Leonce Rosenberg, brought Hayden under contract.
Becoming tired with the movement in 1922, Hayden reacted against Cubism and returned to the direct study of nature. The artist took refuge in the South of France during the German Occupation and, after a long period of neglect following his development away from Cubism, his work began to win increasing recognition again from about 1952. He bought a country house in 1962, near La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, and immersed himself in area, using its landscape views and places as the subjects for his paintings. For many years, Hayden was represented in London by Waddington Gallery.