Victor Pasmore 1908-1998

Victor Pasmore was a representational painter of still life and landscapes, who later became an abstract artist, producing collages, constructions and paintings.

 

He was born in Chelsham, Surrey. For ten years from 1927, he worked in London’s County Hall, whilst attending evening art classes at the Central School. After 1930 he began to exhibit with the London Group, becoming a full member in 1934. In 1932 he also became a member of the London Artists' Association, with which he held his first solo exhibition in 1933. The following year he exhibited his representational pictures with the Objective Abstractions group at the Zwemmer Gallery.

 

Pasmore opened a teaching studio in 1937 with Claude Rogers on Fitzroy Street, which relocated shortly afterwards, before becoming the Euston Road School under Graham Bell and William Coldstream. Under the example of the Impressionists, in the late 1930s, the school contributed towards a revival of naturalistic interest. By 1947, Pasmore had turned away from representational painting to abstraction, and later, his constructions.

 

Retrospective exhibitions of Pasmore’s work were held in at the ICA (1954), the Cambridge Arts Council Gallery (1955) and at the Venice Biennale, in Belgrade, Paris, Amsterdam, Brussels (1960) and Scandanavia (1961). In 1954 Pasmore became Head of Painting at Durham University and, the following year was appointed a Director of Architectural Design for Peterlee, a new town proposed for County Durham. That same year he took part in an exhibition at the Whitechapel Art Gallery, This Is Tomorrow, for which he collaborated with Helen Phillips and Ernö Goldfinger. In 1957 Pasmore then worked with Richard Hamilton and Lawrence Alloway on an Exhibit, an installation of acrylic sheets and paper shapes which was shown in Newcastle and the ICA. Pasmore became a Trustee of the Tate Gallery in 1963. His work is included in the Deutsche Bank collection.